PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF DIFFERENT SOLVENT EXTRACTS OF Hibiscus sabdariffa

Authors

  • NUR ROYHAILA MOHAMAD Halal Product Research Institute (HPRI), Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM, Putra Infoport, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • SITI SALWA ABD GHANI Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • ROSWANIRA ABDUL WAHAB Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • USWATUN HASANAH ZAIDAN Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology & Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Keywords:

Hibiscus sabdariffa, phytochemical, antimicrobial activity

Abstract

The use of plant extracts and phytochemicals with known antimicrobial properties is becoming commonplace worldwide and gaining great significance for therapeutic uses. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of numerous extraction solvents (hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol) on the phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of Hibiscus sabdariffa. Phytochemical screening for saponins, tannins, flavonoids, phenolic and alkaloid compounds revealed that the ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa contained all the aforementioned phytochemical constituents, for the exception of tannins and alkaloids that were absent in the ethyl acetate extract. Interestingly, the hexane extract did not afford such constituents. The ethanol extract exhibited stronger inhibitory activity against Bacillus subtilis (B29), Staphylococcus aureus (S276), Staphylococcus epidermis (S273), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 15442) and Escherichia coli (E266) than ethyl acetate extract, but the difference was less evident for the hexane extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa which inhibited only B. subtilis, as determined by the paper disc method. Base on the findings, it can be construed that the ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of HS have prospective applications as antimicrobial agent as well as one of the sources of therapeutically useful products.

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Published

25-05-2018

How to Cite

MOHAMAD, N. R. ., ABD GHANI, S. S., ABDUL WAHAB, R., & ZAIDAN, U. H. (2018). PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF DIFFERENT SOLVENT EXTRACTS OF Hibiscus sabdariffa. Malaysian Applied Biology, 47(2), 53–56. Retrieved from https://jms.mabjournal.com/index.php/mab/article/view/1946

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