GERMINATION AND INITIAL GROWTH OF TRUE SHALLOT (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum) SEEDS ENCAPSULATED WITH ORGANIC AND INORGANIC MATERIALS

Authors

  • PANGESTI NUGRAHANI Department of Agrotechnology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Surabaya 60294, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2646-3850
  • IDA RETNO MOELJANI Department of Agrotechnology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Surabaya 60294, Indonesia
  • MAKHZIAH Department of Agrotechnology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Surabaya 60294, Indonesia

Keywords:

coating, direct sowing, pelleting, True Shallot Seed (TSS)

Abstract

Shallot (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum) cultivation is performed using True Shallot Seed (TSS) to obtain seedlings. However, it is difficult to handle when sowing directly, due to the seed’s small and irregular shape. Therefore, encapsulation technology is needed to make TSS seeds have a larger size and regular shape. Shallots seeds enable to be more significant, roundshaped through encapsulation. This research was conducted to make a combination treatment between fillers and adhesives that can form strong, round, and smooth capsules. The fillers studied included gypsum, dolomite, lime, vermicompost, compost, and sawdust. While the adhesive material is Arabic gum and polyvinyl alcohol. The parameters observed include viability, germination, vigor index, and maximum growth potential of encapsulated seed were on par with non-encapsulated in germination and seedling vigor. The results showed that the germination, index vigor, and maximum growth potency of non-encapsulated TSS were better than the encapsulated ones. Likewise for the percentage of seed alive and up-normal seed. Furthermore, the organic type of capsule filling material showed better results compared to the inorganic

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Published

31-12-2021

How to Cite

NUGRAHANI, P. ., MOELJANI, I. R., & MAKHZIAH. (2021). GERMINATION AND INITIAL GROWTH OF TRUE SHALLOT (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum) SEEDS ENCAPSULATED WITH ORGANIC AND INORGANIC MATERIALS. Malaysian Applied Biology, 50(3), 117–122. Retrieved from https://jms.mabjournal.com/index.php/mab/article/view/2014

Issue

Section

Research Articles