GROWTH RESPONSE OF Heritiera simplicifolia (Mast.) Kosterm. AND Scaphium macropodum (Miq.) Beumée ex Heyne DUE TO ABIOTIC FACTORS IN THE NURSERY


  • NUR AFIQAH IZZATI NOH Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • WAN JULIANA WAN AHMAD Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of SciencInstitute for Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • SITI NURFAEIZA ABD RAZAK Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • JEAN WAN HONG YONG Department of Biosystems and Technology, Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Horticulture and Crop Production Science (LTV), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden
  • SHUKOR MD NOR Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • MOHD ASRI Jabatan Perhutanan Kuala Berang, Ajil, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • SHARIL NIZAM Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Terengganu, Malaysia
  • SHAHRIL MODHUSIN Tenaga National Berhad Research


Non-dipterocarp, shade tolerant/dependant, tropical rain forest, vermicompost


In the earliest stage of development, non-dipterocarp wildlings require specific environmental conditions; they are only able to acclimate to harsher environmental conditions after this stage. As such, the environment acts as a limiting factor of early-stage development in non-dipterocarp shade-tolerant species. We examined the survival rates and growth rates of Heritiera simplicifolia and Scaphium macropodum from the family Malvaceae in the different sets of abiotic conditions. Three abiotic environmental factors medium type, greenhouse technique, and light intensity were varied. The experiment was conducted for six months in an area near Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Dam, at the edge of the Tembat Forest Reserve. Height, diameter, leaves numbers, and leaf area was recorded. Our results indicate that the wildlings preferred higher daytime relative humidity and natural air ventilation at night, and they grew more quickly under SN50 (358.74 Photosynthetically Active Radiation; PAR) than under SN70 (101.41 PAR). Subsoil supplemented with vermicompost improved willing growth more consistently than subsoil supplemented with compost or burned mesocarp. The wildling’s height relative growth rate (HRGR) and survival were affected by all treatments. These results indicate that restoration efforts using young indigenous tree species at degraded sites, supply better growth environments and organic nutrients to the rhizosphere.


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How to Cite

NOH, N. A. I., WAN AHMAD, W. J., ABD RAZAK, S. N., YONG, J. W. H., MD NOR, S., MOHD ASRI, NIZAM, S., & MODHUSIN, S. (2022). GROWTH RESPONSE OF Heritiera simplicifolia (Mast.) Kosterm. AND Scaphium macropodum (Miq.) Beumée ex Heyne DUE TO ABIOTIC FACTORS IN THE NURSERY. Malaysian Applied Biology, 51(2), 9–21.



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