POLYPHENOLIC PROFILE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF FREEZE-DRIED MELON MANIS TERENGGANU PEEL EXTRACTS

Authors

  • YING QIAN ONG School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • SAKINAH HARITH School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • MOHD RAZIF SHAHRIL Nutrition Program, Center for Healthy Ageing and Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • NORSHAZILA SHAHIDAN School of Food Industry, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Tembila Campus, 22200 Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • HERMIZI HAPIDIN Biomedicine Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Keywords:

Antioxidant, freeze-drying, Melon Manis Terengganu peel, polyphenols

Abstract

Melon Manis Terengganu (MMT) also known as Cucumis melo var. Inodorus cv. Manis Terengganu 1 originates from Terengganu, Malaysia, is composed of 28–30% inedible peels and discarded as waste. Hence, this study aimed to quantify the polyphenol and flavonoid contents, identify polyphenolic compounds and evaluate the antioxidant activity of freezedried Melon Manis Terengganu (MMT) peel aqueous extract. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined
spectrophotometrically by gallic acid and quercetin standard curves, respectively. Whereas, antioxidant activity was explored by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis (3 ethylben-zothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) assay. Next, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was applied for phenolic compounds identification. Results reported that the total phenolic content was 12.35 (0.59) μg GAE/mg while total flavonoid content was 2.01 (0.70) μg QE/mg. The IC50 of DPPH and ABTS assay were 27.74 (1.59) mg/mL and 4.87 (0.06) mg/mL, respectively. LC-MS results revealed the presence of polyphenolic compounds, such as kaempferol 3-(6'’-sinapylglucosyl)-(1->2)-galactoside), isoorientin 7-O-(6'”-O-(E)-feruloyl)glucoside and isoscoparin 2'’-(6-(E)-ferulylglucoside) in the sample extract. In summary, these findings served as preliminary data for further exploration on the potential application of freezedried MMT peel aqueous extract in the food and nutraceutical industry.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Published

10-06-2021

How to Cite

ONG, Y. Q., HARITH, S. ., SHAHRIL, M. R., SHAHIDAN, N., & HAPIDIN, H. (2021). POLYPHENOLIC PROFILE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF FREEZE-DRIED MELON MANIS TERENGGANU PEEL EXTRACTS. Malaysian Applied Biology, 50(1), 181–188. Retrieved from https://jms.mabjournal.com/index.php/mab/article/view/1506

Issue

Section

Research Articles