Abundance and Infestation of Rice Stem Borer in North Malaysia



  • Nur Atiqah Mohd Khari Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development Institute, MARDI Seberang Perai, 13200, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Suhaila Ab Hamid School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0932-3677


Chilo polychrysus, MADA, Rice pest, Scirpophaga incertulas, weather influence


The abundance and infestation of rice stem borer were monitored in MADA regions with the influence of weather parameters. The determination of the rice stem borer percentage infestation was recorded by dead heart (DH) and whitehead (WH) symptoms. In four regions of MADA area observations, a higher infestation of rice stem borer was observed during rice planting season one (7.1%) compared to rice planting season two (3.9%) on average. Both damage symptoms of the rice stem borer, DH, and WH were observed higher during the rice planting season one. The highest infestation of rice stem borer during season one was observed in Pendang with 18.60%. From the weather parameters recorded, a high infestation of rice stem borer occurred at 80.0% (RHmax), 8.2 °C of temperature differences (Tdiff), and a lower amount of rainfall (0.6 mm). The high infestation in Pendang in season one was influenced by the lower value of RH, higher range of temperature, and lower amount of rainfall compared to season two. Chilo polychrysus was the most abundant species of rice stem borer found in Region 1 and Scirpophaga incertulas were abundantly found in Region 2, 3, and 4.


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Author Biography

Suhaila Ab Hamid, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr Suhaila Ab Hamid
School of Biological Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 Penang. Malaysia

Tel: 04-653 5874   Fax: 04-6565125
E-mail: ahsuhaila@usm.mysue_sj@yahoo.com   ORCID: 0000-0003-0932-3677 Researcher ID: E-2850-2012 Scopus ID: 54584471800


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How to Cite

Mohd Khari, N. A., & Ab Hamid, S. . (2022). Abundance and Infestation of Rice Stem Borer in North Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology, 51(5), 165–177. https://doi.org/10.55230/mabjournal.v51i5.2423