Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Eggshell on Hylocereus polyrhizus



  • Phin Yin Sin Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, College of Computing and Applied Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Darul Makmur, Malaysia
  • Suat Hian Tan Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, College of Computing and Applied Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Darul Makmur, Malaysia
  • Zhe Cheng Ng Kota Pharma (M) Sdn Bhd,1,2, &3 Jalan TTC 12, Cheng Industrial Estate,75250, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nyuk Ling Ma School of Fundamental Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia
  • Wan Nurul Hidayah Wan Anuar Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, Tapah Road, Malaysia


Dragon fruit, eggshell, gibberellic acid, micropropagation


Dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) is a tropical fruit. Recently, it has gained interest from the public due to its potential beneficial effects on health. The acclimatization of micropropagated Hylocereus polyrhizus depends on the application of gibberellic acid (GA3) to increase plant growth. Eggshells are waste materials from industrial sectors, and they are composed of calcium source that is vital for the development of plant shoots and root. The objective of this research is to investigate the effect of different concentrations of GA3 and eggshell either added individually or in combination on the growth of shoot length and shoot diameter of H. polyrhizus. The result showed the shoot length of the H. polyrhizus increased by approximately 54.69%, from 0.64 ± 0.13 cm to 0.99 ± 0.26 cm, as the concentration of GA3 increased from 0 ppm to 10 ppm. Furthermore, this finding also reported that with eggshells, GA3 showed an adverse effect on the development of shoot diameter. The growth of shoot length and shoot diameter with the addition of eggshell was different, perhaps due to the gibberellic acid affecting the shoot length but not the shoot diameter. Generally, the growth of shoot length and shoot diameter with eggshells was higher in comparison with those without eggshells. With that, we can prove that eggshell is a good additive to promote the growth of H. polyrhizus.


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How to Cite

Sin, P. Y., Tan, S. H., Ng, Z. C., Ma, N. L., & Anuar, W. N. H. W. . (2023). Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Eggshell on Hylocereus polyrhizus. Malaysian Applied Biology, 52(4), 35–41. https://doi.org/10.55230/mabjournal.v52i4.a047

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