LEAF EPIDERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEDICINAL Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., Vernonia amygdalina Delile (ASTERACEAE) AND Clitoria ternatea L. (FABACEAE)

Authors

  • NURSHAHIDAH MOHD RUSLI Agrobiodiversity and Environment Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Persiaran MARDI-UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor
  • MOHD NORFAIZAL GHAZALLI Agrobiodiversity and Environment Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Persiaran MARDI-UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor
  • NORAINI TALIP Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor
  • SAMSIAH JUSOH Industrial Crop Research Centre, MARDI Jerangau, KM 50, Jalan Ajil-Jerangau, Kampung Landas, 21820 Ajil, Terengganu
  • RAZALI MIRAD Agrobiodiversity and Environment Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Persiaran MARDI-UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor
  • ROSNANI ABD GHANI Industrial Crop Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Persiaran MARDI-UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor
  • WAN KHAIRUL ANUAR WAN ALI Industrial Crop Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Persiaran MARDI-UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor
  • MOHD RANI AWANG Industrial Crop Research Centre, MARDI Jerangau, KM 50, Jalan Ajil-Jerangau, Kampung Landas, 21820 Ajil, Terengganu
  • NOR ISMAWATY NORDIN Industrial Crop Research Centre, MARDI Jerangau, KM 50, Jalan Ajil-Jerangau, Kampung Landas, 21820 Ajil, Terengganu
  • AHAMD ARIF ISMAIL Industrial Crop Research Centre, MARDI Bachok, Kampung Aur, Mukim Telong, Jalan Kandis, 16310 Bachok, Kelantan

Keywords:

Anatomy, Asteraceae, Clitoria ternatea, Eclipta prostrata, Fabaceae, leaf epidermal, medicinal plants, Vernonia amygdalina

Abstract

A study on leaf anatomical characteristics was undertaken on three medicinal plants species, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., Vernonia amygdalina Delile and Clitoria ternatea L. It is found that there are variables in leaf epidermal features such as anticlinal wall patterns, stomata types, trichome types, and the occurrence of secretory structures. Results showed that there is slight variation in anticlinal wall patterns, which is, sinuous on abaxial surfaces and straight to wavy on adaxial surfaces of Eclipta prostrata, straight to wavy on both abaxial and adaxial surfaces of Vernonia amygdalina, and sinuous on both abaxial and adaxial surfaces of Clitoria ternatea, two types of stomata, which is anomocytic in Eclipta prostrata and Vernonia amygdalina, and paracytic in Clitoria ternatea, six types of trichomes recorded such as simple multicellular (short stalk – blunted tip), simple multicellular (echinate ornamentation, pointed tip), simple unicellular (echinate ornamentation, pointed tip), irregular T-shaped glandular (short to long stalk – elongated terminal), capitate glandular (short stalk – unicellular terminal) and peltate glandular. Secretory cells were observed in two species, Eclipta prostrata and Vernonia amygdalina. The leaf of these three medicinal species has been widely used in herbal preparation, however, there are not enough information nor a comprehensive study was done on the leaf anatomy of these species. Therefore, this study aimed to provide additional knowledge and more detailed information of the epidermal characteristics of Eclipta, Vernonia and Clitoria and contributes to systematic data available.

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Published

30-06-2021

How to Cite

MOHD RUSLI, N., GHAZALLI, M. N., TALIP, N. ., JUSOH, S., MIRAD, R. ., ABD GHANI, R., WAN ALI, W. K. A., AWANG, M. R., NORDIN, N. I., & ISMAIL, A. A. (2021). LEAF EPIDERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEDICINAL Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., Vernonia amygdalina Delile (ASTERACEAE) AND Clitoria ternatea L. (FABACEAE). Malaysian Applied Biology, 50(1), 189–196. Retrieved from https://jms.mabjournal.com/index.php/mab/article/view/1507

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Research Articles

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